How to Ensure Compliance with UK’s Changing Data Protection Laws in Cloud Storage?

In an ever-evolving digital era, your business’s data management and protection strategies are of utmost importance. Navigating these complexities becomes trickier with the continuous modifications in data protection laws. Google, Amazon, IBM, and other tech giants have significantly popularized cloud storage, but with this popularity comes a multitude of legal and privacy concerns. Today, we’re focusing on how to ensure your business is compliant with the United Kingdom’s evolving data protection laws specifically in cloud storage.

Understanding UK’s Data Protection Laws

Firstly, to comply with the law, you must understand what you’re complying with. The UK’s data protection laws aim to protect personal data and ensure that businesses handle such sensitive information responsibly. This legislation is primarily guided by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the UK’s Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA 2018).

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GDPR is a Europe-wide law that replaced the 1995 EU Data Protection Directive, effectively changing how businesses process and handle personal data. The DPA 2018, on the other hand, is the UK’s implementation of the GDPR. Post-Brexit, the UK GDPR, as it is now known, remains much the same as the original GDPR, with some minor changes.

The key principles of these laws include lawful and transparent processing, purpose limitation, data minimisation, accuracy, storage limitation, integrity and confidentiality, and accountability.

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Role of Data Controller and Data Processor

The GDPR and DPA 2018 distinguish between the roles of a data controller and a data processor. The data controller determines the purposes and means of processing personal data, while the data processor is responsible for processing personal data on behalf of the controller.

When you store data with a cloud provider, you, as a business, are usually the data controller, and the cloud provider becomes the data processor. This distinction is significant as both parties have different legal obligations under the GDPR. Understanding your role and responsibilities is crucial to ensuring compliance.

Complying with Data Protection Laws in Cloud Storage

Cloud storage, while convenient and cost-effective, has raised unique challenges in data protection compliance. When your data is stored in the cloud, it is often dispersed across multiple servers in various global locations. This dispersion can complicate compliance, especially as different jurisdictions have different data protection laws.

To comply with data protection laws when using cloud storage, you should focus on the following key areas:

  • Contracts: Ensure that contracts with your cloud provider include stipulations about data protection. The contract should clarify the roles and responsibilities of each party when it comes to personal data protection, and the actions to be taken in case of a data breach.

  • Security: Implement robust security measures to protect personal data. This can involve encryption, strong access controls, and regular security audits.

  • Data Transfer: Be cautious when transferring data to countries outside of the UK. You must ensure that your data is adequately protected and that the transfer complies with UK’s data protection laws.

Selecting a Cloud Storage Provider

A vital aspect of ensuring compliance with data protection laws when using cloud storage is choosing the right cloud storage provider. The provider should have robust data protection and security measures in place. They should also be transparent about their data handling practices and willing to enter into a contract that includes robust data protection clauses.

It is also important to consider where the provider stores data. If the data is stored outside the UK, you must ensure that such transfers are compliant with UK data protection laws.

Maintaining Compliance Over Time

Finally, maintaining compliance with data protection laws is not a one-time task. It requires continuous effort as these laws are frequently updated. Keep up-to-date with the latest changes and ensure your data processing and storage practices evolve accordingly. Regular audits and reviews of your data protection measures can also be beneficial.

In conclusion, ensuring compliance with UK’s data protection laws when using cloud storage doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With a clear understanding of your responsibilities, robust data protection measures, and the right cloud storage provider, you can confidently navigate the evolving landscape of data protection.

Regularly Review and Update Your Privacy Policies

A cornerstone of maintaining GDPR compliance is regularly reviewing and updating your company’s privacy policies. These policies should detail how your company collects, processes, and stores personal data, and provide information on the rights of data subjects.

It is crucial to ensure that your privacy policies are comprehensive and up-to-date. Your policies should cover all aspects of your company’s data processing activities, including the use of cloud storage. This means you must describe how you secure data in the cloud, where it is stored, how long you retain it, and what measures are in place to protect it.

When it comes to cloud storage, one major aspect to consider is data transfer. With your data potentially being stored in different locations worldwide, it is critical to detail how these transfers take place. Under the GDPR, personal data can only be transferred to countries that provide an adequate level of data protection. Therefore, your policies should explain how you ensure that the jurisdictions where your cloud provider stores data meet this requirement.

Data breaches are another essential aspect to cover in your privacy policies. Your policies should clearly define what constitutes a data breach, what procedures are in place to detect, report, and investigate a breach, and how affected data subjects will be informed.

Aside from updating your privacy policies, it is also important to communicate these updates to your stakeholders. This may include notifying your employees, suppliers, and customers about any changes and ensuring that they understand their rights and responsibilities under the updated policies.

Engage in Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs)

Another crucial aspect of ensuring GDPR compliance in your cloud storage practices is conducting Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs). DPIAs, also known as Privacy Impact Assessments, are a tool to help organizations identify and mitigate the data protection risks of a project or system.

Under the GDPR, DPIAs are mandatory for any data processing that is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of data subjects. This includes, but is not limited to, systematic and extensive profiling, large-scale processing of special categories of data, and large-scale systematic monitoring of public areas.

A DPIA for your cloud storage practices should start with a description of the processing operations, the purposes of the processing, and an assessment of the necessity and proportionality of the processing. This should be followed by an evaluation of the risks to the rights and freedoms of data subjects. Lastly, the DPIA should detail the measures envisaged to address these risks, including safeguards, security measures, and mechanisms to ensure the protection of personal data.

Remember, a DPIA is not a one-time task. Given the dynamic nature of data protection laws and cloud technologies, it’s important to regularly review and update your DPIAs to ensure they accurately reflect your current data processing activities and the latest legal requirements.


In an era where data privacy is a hot topic, businesses must ensure compliance with data protection laws, especially in regards to cloud storage. This involves understanding the key principles of GDPR, the roles of a data controller and data processor, implementing robust contracts and security measures, and choosing the right cloud service provider.

Ensuring GDPR compliant cloud storage also requires regular reviews and updates of privacy policies, along with conducting Data Protection Impact Assessments. With a proactive approach, you can not only avoid penalties and reputational damage but also enhance trust and confidence among your stakeholders. Remember, data protection compliance is not just about ticking boxes to meet legal requirements, it’s about fostering a culture of privacy and respect for personal data in your organization.